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Well, in the Disk utility, there is a gray area that is the ext4 partition. The small space left it split in half, top half and bottom half. It sure reads like they are separate partitions, since they are both named using the "partition" word. Extended partition and Swap Partition. Unless they created the Extended partition and created a new partition within it, that is.

Still whether it is 11 GB or 22 GB of space, it still is either 87 GB for the OS folders or 76 GB [roughly]. 76 to 87 GB is a lot more than your 10-15 GB you tell me is needed. Sure, when I do a new/fresh install of a Ubuntu system on a drive, the OS file space takes up little of the disk. BUT, and the "big-but" is what size do you need to have after a year or more? I installed 12.04LTS a few days after it came out. I did a clean install after backing up all my /home files. Then I restored all my data/files and then started to install all of the packages I needed to install to run the system the way I like.

12.04 comes with Unity desktop environment. I do not like it, so I install MATE. Then, there are some packages that need some of the KDE files. K3b and other packages and utilities I use are "default" package with KDE and seems to want some KDE system files installed. 2+ desktop environments can add space to the OS. The "plus" is the KDE system files. I use to install the FULL set of packages for KDE d.e. but decided that I did not need to do that when I did my 12.04LTS upgrade. I let the packages install whatever dependencies they needed.

On 08/07/2013 09:18 AM, Tom Davies wrote:
Hi :)
My guess is thatUbuntu created an 11Gb Extended Partition purely to put the 11Gb Swap in.  Not 
quite sure why it did that but the installer tries to make sure your system stays reasonably 
flexible for the future
Regards from
Tom :)

From: Kracked_P_P---webmaster <>
Sent: Wednesday, 7 August 2013, 12:45
Subject: Re: [libreoffice-users] Re: start up speed

Just to give you a "bloat alert".  My Ubuntu 12.04 LTS system, after all
of its updates and upgrades from the repository, and the fact that it
seems a lot of the older packages were left on the system, my OS folders
now total about 98-GB.

1,000 GB total
less 78.7 GB free space
less 823.5 GB in the /home folder and sub-folders
making all of the other folders in the "filesystem" totaling 97.8 GB for
the OS.

This OS figure also includes the 11 GB swap and a 11 GB extended
partition [for what Ubuntu uses it for I do not know, but it created it].

So take away the 22 GB of partitions outside of that main partition, you get
75.8 GB of OS file space for 12.04LTS plus the two partitions it needs
to run.

If I used a 10-15 GB for the OS, I would be sunk.

I do not separate the /home into its own partition, since all of the
docs and "help" seems to confuse me on how to set up all of the
different partitions during the install process.  In a few months, I
hope to replace that 1 TB drive with a 2 TB one.  I planned on creating
a 500 GB partition for the OS file system including the OS, /home, and
the needed swap and other partition[s] needed.  The rest of the drive,
1.5 TB, will be used as a separate data "drive" so I can have a smaller
/home folder size and keep everything not actively worked on out of the
/home folder.

Also, I have taken a 2 TB internal drive and used it for the first stage
backup, or internal backup, of the essential /home folder files, like
the "hidden dot folders" and things like my photo folder that contains
sub-folders by year and then month of all my digital photo since Sept.
2005 - when I bought my first digital camera.  I have a whole box of
photos needing to be scanned in from the early 70's to then, that I will
"one day" get around to scanning an archiving.

Unfortunately, I have more internal drive space than external drive
backup space.  So I need to start buying more of those drives to back up
my system.  It does help that most of my 2nd 2-TB drive is used as an
internal backup, so it currently does not need external a separate
external backup.  But I do have one 1-TB and two 2-TB drives, currently,
and later at least 6-TB [maybe 7, 8, or more] internal storage to be
backed up externally.


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