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# RE: [libreoffice-users] Benford's Law

```Uniform random number generators do not conform to Benford's law.

To get uniform digits in the range 1 to 10, try =FLOOR(10*RAND();1;1)

However, Benford's law is about the *first* digit of a wide variety of numbers.
See <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benford%27s_law#Mathematical_statement>.

To get the Benford distribution of digits 1 to 9,
I think you want =FLOOR(10^RAND();1;1)

What makes you think these do not have the Benford distribution?  How are you testing that.

You should be able to create a histogram for the frequencies of values of 1, 2, 3, ..., 9 and show
that it approaches the Benford distribution as you increase the number of samples.

While the RNG used for RAND() may not be cryptographically wonderful, I expect it would pass a
reasonable test (say chi-squared) for correspondence to the Benford distribution.

- Dennis

-----Original Message-----
From: Toki Kantoor [mailto:toki.kantoor@gmail.com]
Sent: Sunday, July 14, 2013 02:01 PM
Cc: users@global.libreoffice.org
Subject: Re: [libreoffice-users] Benford's Law

On 07/13/2013 11:01 PM, Brian Barker wrote:

```
```Unless I misunderstand,the formula =10^RAND() should create random variates in the range (1,10)
following the law.
```
```
10^RAND generates a set of random numbers that does _not_ adhere to
Benford's Law.  I need a random number generator whose output does
adhere to Benford's Law.

jonathon
--
LibreOffice in a Multi-Lingual Environment.

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